Periodontal disease are mainly infections inside structures surrounding the teeth but not in the teeth itself. These structures include the gums, alveolar bone, and periodontal ligament
Its first stage could progress from gingivitis and only affects the gums, to the other structures. Periodontal diseases are caused often by a combination of bacteria and dental plaque.
Symptoms may include gum bleeding, swollen gums, a persistent bad breath, painful chewing, sudden sensitive teeth, a loose tooth, and gum recession.
Surgical pocket reductions can help clean out tartar in deep pockets and eliminate or reduce those pockets. Making the area easier to clean and further prevent infections from developing This may also be called “flap surgery.”